Harvey Norman

Australian multinational retail franchise
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Harvey Norman
Company typePublic
Traded as
(ASX: HVN)
IndustryRetail: Computer, Electrical, Furniture and Bedding goods
Founded1982
FoundersGerry Harvey
Ian Norman
Headquarters
Homebush West, Sydney
,
Australia
Number of locations
195 (Australian, franchised)
109 (overseas, company owned) (2022)
Key people
Gerry Harvey (Chairman/Co-Founder)
Ian Norman (Co-Founder)
Katie Page (Managing Director)
RevenueA$9.193 billion (2023)
Net income
A$1.2 billion (2021/22)
Number of employees
~10,000 (Australia)
Websitewww.harveynorman.com.au (AU)
www.harveynorman.co.nz (NZ)
www.harveynormanholdings.com.au Company investor website
Footnotes / references
[1]

Harvey Norman is an Australian multinational retailer of furniture, bedding, computers, communications and consumer electrical products. It mainly operates as a franchise,[2] with the main brand and all company-operated stores owned by ASX-listed Harvey Norman Holdings Limited.[3] As of 2022, there are 304 company-owned and franchised stores in Australia,[4] New Zealand, Europe and South-East Asia operating under the Harvey Norman, Domayne and Joyce Mayne brands in Australia, and under the Harvey Norman brand overseas.[5]

History

Gerry Harvey and Ian Norman opened their first store in 1961, that specialised in electrical goods and appliances.[6] Harvey and Norman had first met when both were working as door-to-door vacuum cleaner salesmen.[6] The store's success prompted Harvey and Norman to expand the business and conduct talks with retailer Keith Lord, who sought to expand his own retail group. They could not settle on a name for the new business, with Harvey and Lord reluctant to take on the other's name. They eventually decided to retain Norman's name and that of its first store manager, Peter Ross. This spawned the retail chain Norman Ross.[7]

Norman Ross became one of the largest appliance retail chains and by 1979 controlled 42 stores with sales of more than $240 million.[6][8] In the early 1980s, Alan Bond and Grace Bros sought to acquire the chain, spawning a bidding war that saw Grace Bros incorporate the chain in 1982. Three weeks later however, a determined Alan Bond successfully convinced the Grace Bros director Michael Grace to sell the chain to Bond. Shortly after, Harvey and Norman were given notice and redundancy package of six months pay. Reasons for their sacking were not publicised, although Harvey later told The Daily Telegraph: "I said I wished Alan Bond would pack up his marbles and go back to Perth. Then I got a telegram telling me I was sacked".[7]

Norman Ross went into liquidation in 1992.[9] In October 1982, Harvey and Norman purchased a new shopping centre in the outer Sydney suburb of Auburn for A$3 million, and opened the first Harvey Norman store.[citation needed] The enterprise was intended to be a single store but its success led to the opening of others. Harvey Norman Holdings Limited was listed on the Australian Securities Exchange on 3 September 1987.[citation needed]

In the early 1990s, Harvey Norman adopted the superstore format then successful in the United States, and entered the computer and furniture markets.[10] The first computer superstore was opened at Bennetts Green, Newcastle, in late 1993 with much fanfare. That was followed several weeks later by the opening of a larger superstore at Auburn. Many stores later expanded their computer sections.

Strong support was provided to the chain by distributors such as Merisel, Dataflow, Tech Pacific, and Marketing Results.[citation needed] Extra support and funding was supplied by vendors (supplied by these distributors) such as Microsoft, Corel, Symantec and WordPerfect.[citation needed]

Harvey Norman also sold Apple Computer products for several years. The launch of Windows 95 was a huge success, with a few Sydney stores opening at midnight, and some regional areas opening at 6 a.m.[citation needed] The products came with a bonus pack featuring Harvard Graphics on CD and an introductory internet offer from OzEmail.[citation needed] Apple decided to stop supplying the chain in the late 1990s, but returned in 2004 with the iPod range, which later expanded into iPads, iPhones and iMacs.[citation needed]

A Norman Ross store was opened at Bennetts Green in 1995, with the purpose of being a clearance centre.[citation needed] That had mixed results, and was closed within 12 months. However, the Bennetts Green store expanded into larger premises in 1996, where it operates today.[citation needed] Part of the relocation was a dedicated educational centre, named Kidscape.[11] Specialist employees from Dataflow provided advice to parents on which software was best for their child. Kidscape was installed at a number of stores, but it was discontinued at a number of them within two years.[12]

Some stores also opened early for the Windows 98 launch, which included a number of offers, including an SPC CD with Harvard Graphics and Quicken. Other products, such as modems and printers, were promoted at $98.[citation needed]

Harvey Norman has relied on 'bricks & mortar' stores as its strength.[citation needed] When suppliers such as Compaq and IBM started supplying direct, Harvey Norman stopped selling those products in-store.[13] After Compaq later stopped selling direct, Harvey Norman returned to selling Compaq PC products[14] in 2001.

Harvey Norman's growth occurred organically until it acquired Joyce Mayne in 1998.[citation needed] A number of electrical stores in Western Australia, some of which were owned by Wesfarmers, were purchased.[citation needed] Further acquisitions followed and by 2000 the chain had 100 stores.[citation needed] In 2006, Retravision was struggling, and a number of Retravision stores were acquired by Harvey Norman. Many were later converted to either Harvey Norman or Joyce Mayne stores, but those that were not successful were closed down.[15]

A Harvey Norman superstore in Wagga Wagga, New South Wales

Company structure

Harvey Norman's operating structure is unusual in that each store department (flooring, bedding, furniture, computer and electrical) is operated by a separate entity of management. Thus many superstores are a combination of three or four separate businesses managed independently contributing revenue to Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd. through lease payments and a portion of sales.[16] Overseas, Harvey Norman stores are directly owned and operated by the ASX-listed, Sydney-based parent company, Harvey Norman Holdings Limited. However, sales commissions are still heavily used across all departments of the store to motivate salespeople, drive sales and improve service.[citation needed]

Retail marketing consultant Kevin Moore argues that this 'high reward-based remuneration structure' drives Harvey Norman's point of difference and is what contributes, at least partly, to its retail dominance. "Almost all the people in a Harvey Norman are there because they are great salespeople, can propose solutions for customers and are paid in line with what they sell... So when you walk into a Harvey Norman, the guys on the floor have a real reason to help you. You walk away happy at the end of the day having spent money with them. And so do the staff because some of the money you left in the store goes to them... for helping you solve a problem in your life."[16]

Harvey Norman

Harvey Norman in the Queen Street Mall, Brisbane

Harvey Norman is the flagship brand of Harvey Norman Holdings. Harvey Norman is mainly a household goods retailer – with items being sold in their stores including major appliances, small appliances, information technology (such as computers, printers and mobile phones), furniture, bedding, hardware (bathrooms) and flooring among other things. There are 193 franchise-operated Harvey Norman stores located throughout Australia, as at 23 April 2020, with separate franchisees owning and operating separate departments. The majority of Harvey Norman stores are located in New South Wales (56), followed by Victoria (45), Queensland (44), Western Australia (27), South Australia (10), Tasmania (7), Northern Territory (2) and the Australian Capital Territory (2).

Home renovations

Harvey Norman Design and Renovations is a subsidiary of Harvey Norman Holdings Limited. The design and renovations arm of the company specialises in bathroom, kitchen, wardrobe, home office, bars and home theatre renovations, and featured showroom franchises in Victoria, South Australia and New South Wales. The Victorian and South Australian outlets have since closed, leaving five New South Wales outlets in operation.

Domayne

Domayne is a furniture, bedding, flooring, computers, electrical and homewares chain independently operated by franchisees (and whose brand is owned by Harvey Norman Holdings). They focus on fashion and design in their furniture range, with their hallmark being their range of contemporary, Australian-made furniture. While their focus is on furniture and bedding, certain outlets (such as former Joyce Mayne stores) also stock higher-end cooking appliances.[17][18] As of 9 June 2016, there are 19 Domayne franchised complexes Australia-wide, with 12 in New South Wales (Alexandria, Auburn, Belrose, Caringbah, Castle Hill, Kotara, Liverpool, Maitland, North Ryde, Penrith, Warrawong, West Gosford), 3 in Queensland (Bundall, Fortitude Valley, Maroochydore), 2 in Victoria (Melbourne QV, Springvale) and Western Australia (City West Perth, Osborne Park), and 1 each in the Australian Capital Territory (Fyshwick) and South Australia (Marion).

As of December 2019, some Domayne stores are listed as 'Harvey Norman @ Domayne'.

Joyce Mayne

Joyce Mayne is a retail chain offering similar products to Harvey Norman. They mainly offer whitegoods, small appliances, stationery and IT products (such as mobile phones, computers and printers).[19] There are seven Joyce Mayne stores in Australia as of 1 November 2018 – four in Queensland (Maroochydore, Chancellor Park, Toowoomba and Townsville), two in New South Wales (Nowra and Warrawong) and one in the Northern Territory (Darwin).

Former brands

OFIS

In August 2007, market analysts suggested Harvey Norman would launch a rival "big-box" stationery and office supplies competitor to Officeworks before June 2008. Harvey Norman has registered the brand name OFIS and as a result of the acquisition of former Megamart and Retravision stores, has access to well-placed potential sites on which to open Officeworks-sized outlets.[20] In December 2007, Harvey Norman announced it would be opening its first two OFIS stores in Albury and Auburn in March 2008.They aimed to have 100 stores within ten years.[21] In all, five OFIS outlets were established, but proved unprofitable and in February 2009 Harvey Norman stated it would close all of the stores by June 2009 and abandon the concept.[22]

The School Locker

School Locker is aimed at primary and high school students, selling school uniforms, stationery as well as sports and musical equipment. There are two big box-style retail stores in New South Wales and four in Queensland in addition to a dozen School Campus stores.[23]

Big Buys

There were five Big Buys stores in Australia (all now closed), located in Springvale, Victoria, Cambridge, Tasmania, Munno Para, South Australia, Auburn, New South Wales and Maroochydore, Queensland. They sold some of Harvey Norman's range, plus music instruments, camping gear, luggage, pet and baby products. Big Buys also had an online store via the Harvey Norman website.[24]

International

Harvey Norman store at Millenia Walk Singapore

As of 31 January 2023, Harvey Norman Holdings' overseas operations (all conducted under the Harvey Norman brand) are in:[5]

With the exception of Malaysia and Singapore, all overseas operations are directly owned and operated by Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd. or its associated companies.

George Goh Ching Wah, founder and chairman of publicly-listed Singapore sporting goods and fashion distributor Ossia International Limited, partnered Gerry Harvey to form Harvey Norman Ossia (Asia) Pte Ltd as an SGD33 million joint venture vehicle to bring the Harvey Norman brand to Asia in 1999.[26] Harvey Norman Ossia (Asia) bought 50.6% of Pertama Holdings, a Singapore electronics retailer that was publicly listed on the Singapore Stock Exchange for SGD$36 million.[27] Goh was appointed as the Deputy Chairman of Pertama Holding Limited. Harvey Norman Ossia (Asia) acquired 14 electronics stores in Singapore, formerly known as Electric City and owned by Pertama Holdings, and rebranded them as Harvey Norman stores.[27] As of 2022, the company owns 14 outlets in Singapore. Its flagship store is at Millenia Walk, which was opened in 2015, and is the largest electronics store in the city area with 100, 000 sq ft.[28]

Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd. and its associated companies effectively own 80.2% of Pertama, with Ossia International, holding 19.8%.[29] Formerly listed on the Singapore Exchange (SGX), on 8 July 2013, it was finally delisted after the proportion of shares in free float fell below 10%. Under the former ownership structure, as of July 2013 Harvey Norman Singapore (a wholly owned subsidiary of ASX-listed Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd.) and Harvey Norman Ossia (Asia) Ltd.—a 60/40 joint-venture with Ossia International—had held over 83% of Pertama's shares.[30]

The 86 company-owned overseas stores of Harvey Norman contributed around 10%, or AU$36.5 million, of the parent company's AU$378 million profit in the financial year ended 30 June 2015 – an increase of 32% from the previous financial year. This excludes the financial impact of the overseas property Harvey Norman owns for its stores. New Zealand was the only overseas market to recorded a rise in profit over the last financial year (from AU$49.75 million to AU$53.11 million), with operations in Slovenia and Croatia posting a small profit decline (from AU$3.02 million to AU$2.70 million) and all other overseas operations recording losses.[31]

Norman Ross

Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd previously operated Norman Ross stores in New Zealand. The first store opened on 4 December 2007 in Lower Hutt. All Norman Ross stores were rebranded as Harvey Norman in February 2013.[32]

Online store

On 22 December 2011, Harvey Norman launched Harvey Norman Direct Import based in Ireland to ship games to buyers in Australia.[33] The prices for video games are cheaper than the Australia-based online store of Harvey Norman.[34]

Controversies and criticism

Relationship with Flexirent

Flexirent has had very close ties to Harvey Norman since 1995 and is heavily marketed in stores. Flexirent is alleged to have strong elements of predatory lending practices.[49][50]

In addition, Gerry Harvey has himself asserted on primetime Australian television in a January 2008 airing of Today Tonight that Flexirent should be turned down by the average family. This is why Harvey Norman promotes the product to its commercial customer base.[51]

Motorsport

Harvey Norman backed wildcard at the 2016 Bathurst 1000

Harvey Norman partnered with Tickford Racing to support the #200 Ford Falcon FG X wildcard driven by Simona de Silvestro and Renee Gracie under the name Harvey Norman Supergirls for the 2015 Bathurst 1000.[52]

In 2016 Harvey Norman once again sponsored the Harvey Norman Supergirls wildcard entry for the 2016 Bathurst 1000 now run by Nissan Motorsport using a Nissan Altima L33 and sporting the new number #360.[53] In 2017 Harvey Norman became the major backer for Simona de Silvestro in the #78 Nissan Motorsport Nissan Altima L33.[54] At the end of 2019 the partnership between Harvey Norman and Kelly Racing ended.[55]

References

  1. ^ "2011 Full Year Results". Retrieved 1 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Company Profile". Harvey Norman (Generic Publications Pty Limited). Archived from the original on 20 September 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Harvey Norman Corporate Profile". Archived from the original on 21 June 2007. Retrieved 25 June 2007.
  4. ^ "Harvey Norman Store Finder". Harvey Norman Online. Retrieved 17 August 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Harvey Norman Holdings Limited Annual Report 2022" (PDF).
  6. ^ a b c Greenblat, Eli (29 May 2014). "Harvey Norman co-founder Ian Norman dies". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd - Company History". Funding Universe. Retrieved 4 February 2009.
  8. ^ Carter, Bridget (31 May 2014). "Harvey Norman co-founder Ian Norman dies at 75". The Australian. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  9. ^ "Harvey looks to bring back Norman Ross brand in NZ". Archived from the original on 17 January 2009. Retrieved 25 December 2008.
  10. ^ "Gerry Harvey's Sweet Revenge". 18 December 1995.
  11. ^ "Harvey Norman takes control of Kidscape".
  12. ^ "Harvey Norman takes control of Kidscape".
  13. ^ "UPDATE: Harvey Norman dumps Compaq".
  14. ^ "Gerry takes prodigal Compaq back, opens 15 stores".
  15. ^ "Official Company Profile - History" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 April 2007. Retrieved 25 June 2007.
  16. ^ a b A, Moogy. "Clive Peeters an eeeasy model for success to Harvey Norman - SmartCompany". SmartCompany. Archived from the original on 3 August 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  17. ^ "About Us". Domayne Online. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  18. ^ NORRIS, SAM (18 March 2015). "Joyce Mayne becomes Domayne at Rutherford". Maitland Mercury. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  19. ^ "About joyce Mayne Online | Joyce Mayne Australia". www.joycemayne.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  20. ^ "Harvey will get into stationery". The Sydney Morning Herald. 30 August 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2007.
  21. ^ "Harvey to take on Officeworks". The Australian. 4 December 2007. Archived from the original on 6 December 2007. Retrieved 19 December 2008.
  22. ^ "Harvey Norman closes five OFIS stores". The Age. Melbourne. 3 February 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  23. ^ theschoollocker.com.au/
  24. ^ "Hot Deals - Harvey Norman Australia". www.harveynorman.com.au.
  25. ^ "Merry Hill adds 57,000 sq ft Harvey Norman flagship". Bdaily News. 15 January 2024. Retrieved 15 January 2024.
  26. ^ "Harvey hits Asia with Ossia deal". Australian Financial Review. 7 October 1999. Retrieved 23 November 2022.
  27. ^ a b "Harvey Norman widens its global ambitions". Australian Financial Review. 9 March 2001. Retrieved 23 November 2022.
  28. ^ Auto, Hermes (29 October 2021). "Harvey Norman's 'Sellabration' marks 20 years in Singapore". Straits Times. Retrieved 23 November 2022.
  29. ^ "CORPORATE | Ossia International Limited". www.ossia.com.sg. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  30. ^ migration (8 July 2013). "Electronics company Pertama Holdings told to delist from SGX, exit offer to be made". Straits Times. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  31. ^ "Harvey Norman Holdings Limited 2015 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 March 2016.
  32. ^ "Norman Ross to become Harvey Norman". Manawatu Standard. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  33. ^ "Harvey Norman launches online game-seller site, in competition with own stores". The Courier-Mail. 22 December 2011.
  34. ^ Cook, Henrietta (22 December 2011). "Harvey Norman peddles GST-free computer games". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  35. ^ "Harvey Norman undertakings after catalogue advertising errors". 30 November 1995. Retrieved 25 June 2007.
  36. ^ "ACCC institutes against Harvey Norman Holdings Pty Ltd". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 25 June 2007.
  37. ^ "Today in the press". RTÉ News. 27 November 2008.
  38. ^ McDonald, Gary (26 November 2008). "Tycoon faces Irish backlash over potato famine remarks". The Irish News. Archived from the original on 6 July 2009.
  39. ^ "Harvey regrets his Norman invasion". Irish Independent. 27 November 2008.
  40. ^ "Live News". Business World. 2 December 2008. Archived from the original on 6 July 2009.
  41. ^ "Recession likened to potato famine". 3 December 2008. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012.
  42. ^ "Harvey Norman chief unapologetic over 'potato famine' jibe". Irish Echo. 2 December 2008. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008.
  43. ^ "ACTIVISTS SCALE SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE". Yahoo7. Archived from the original on 9 October 2011.
  44. ^ a b Ferguson, John (9 February 2012), quickbooks-online-1-8559796695-quickbook-support-quickbooks-help-quickbooks-online, archived from the original on 25 May 2021, retrieved 12 February 2012 {{citation}}: Unknown parameter |agency= ignored (help)
  45. ^ "Harvey Norman fined $1.25m over misleading TV ads". News Limited. 9 December 2011. Archived from the original on 9 December 2011. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
  46. ^ "Offshore tax move could backfire". Sydney Morning Herald. 7 January 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
  47. ^ "Customers charged more after pricing glitch". New Zealand Herald. 3 October 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
  48. ^ "Harvey Norman hangs on to JobKeeper as profits double". www.accountantsdaily.com.au. 28 February 2021. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  49. ^ "Flexirent Deals Require a Long Hard Look" (PDF) (Press release). ACT Office of Regulatory Services. December 2006. Retrieved 7 February 2013.[permanent dead link]
  50. ^ The Micah Law Centre (2007), A Loan in Lease Clothing: Problems identified with instalment-based rent/purchase contracts for household goods (PDF), Greensborough, Melbourne, Australia{{citation}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  51. ^ Pape, Scott (16 February 2008), "Get tough, Wayne (Barefoot Investor editorial)", Herald Sun
  52. ^ Gadeke, Kassie (28 September 2015). "Harvey Norman confirms backing for All-Female Bathurst Wildcard". Supercars Championship.
  53. ^ "Harvey Norman confirms backing for Nissan Motorsport Wildcard". Supercars Championship. 25 September 2016.
  54. ^ Isaacs, Lewis (9 February 2017). "Harvey Norman confirms Silvestro backing". Supercars Championship.
  55. ^ O'Brien, Connor (7 November 2019). "Silvestro confirms Supercars exit". Supercars Championship.
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